Bulldog adult standing in black and white


Bulldogs are lively, loyal and affectionate.

About the Bulldog

They give an impression of determination, strength and activity, with a lively, bold, loyal and courageous personality. Despite their somewhat severe appearance, the Bulldog is very affectionate with those it is close to.

In addition to some distinctive characteristics, Bulldogs really distinguish themselves with their especially heavy and constrained gait. They seem to take short, quick steps on the tips of their feet, without their back feet even seeming to rise off the ground.

Source: key facts and characteristics sourced from Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)

Breed specifics

United Kingdom
FCI Group 2, AKC Non-Sporting Group
Size category
Avg life expectancy
8–12 years

Loving / Determined / Lively / Alert / Confident / Loyal

Key facts

  • Requires minimal grooming
  • Needs little exercise
  • Needs a lot of training
Breed origins illustration

Origins of the breed

The Bulldog was first classified as a breed in the 1630s, and originally used for bull-baiting. Although there is earlier mention of similar types referred to as bandogs, a term reserved today for a type of fighting dog. 

The Club in the U.K. was established in 1875, taking responsibility for the future of a breed regarded as an icon in its homeland. One of the oldest indigenous breeds, the Bulldog is known as the national dog of Great Britain.