Dachshund adult standing in black and white on a white background


Dachshunds were initially bred as hunting dogs, making them adventurous and inquisitive.

About the Dachshund

There are nine distinct Dachshund varieties, each varying in size and coat type. Despite their small legs they are very active, but their exercise requirements can be easily met. This enables the breed to adapt well to city life or small space living.

It’s widely believed that Dachshunds with different coat types may be more likely to develop different temperaments, so make sure to be aware of which type of Dachshund will suit you best. Dachshunds with long hair are thought to be much quieter than their short- and wire-haired counterparts.

Source: key facts and characteristics sourced from Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)

Breed specifics

FCI Group 4, AKC Hound Group
Size category
Avg life expectancy
12–14 years

Friendly / Even-tempered / Confident / Enthusiastic / Lively

Key facts

  • Makes a great family dog
  • Needs a lot of training
  • Suitable for small homes
Dachshund adult lying down in black and white on a white background

Origins of the breed

Dachshunds have been around since the Middle Ages. Short-legged dogs were bred to flush out badgers, and Dachshunds came to be the most versatile hunting dog, performing well as trackers. The Dachshund was originally graded depending upon the size of hole it could enter.

The term “Dachshund” in German simply means badger – “dachs”, dog – “hund”. According to the F.C.I., the oldest club devoted to the breeding of Dachshunds is the “Deutsche Teckelklub”, founded in 1888.