Origins of the breed
Rottweilers belong to one of the oldest breeds of dog. Their lineage goes back to the Romans, whom they served as guard and livestock dogs. They accompanied the legions over the Alps, protecting the men and driving the herds.
When the legionnaires arrived in the small southern German town of Rottweil, their dogs mated with local canines, producing crossbreeds. They continued to guard and drive large herds, and protect people and property, but they were also adopted by local butchers, who concentrated on the breed’s aptitude for work to produce a robust draught dog.