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Breed Library

Pug

The Pug has its own latin motto, “Multum in Parvo” which simply translates as meaning: “A lot in a little”.

About the Pug

The Pug has a unique appearance, which many find incredibly appealing and as such its popularity is soaring year on year. Pugs have an easy coat to maintain and the breed does not have particularly high exercise requirements, which is a real advantage for busy owners.

A highly desirable pet, the Pug is known for its inquisitive and energetic nature. It is a member of the Toy group of dogs, however, it is unique amongst this group in being the only member thought to share its ancestry with the Mastiffs.

Source: key facts and characteristics sourced from Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)

Breed specifics

Country
China
Group
FCI Group 9, AKC Toy Group
Size category
Small
Avg life expectancy
12–15 years

Even-tempered / Friendly / Lively / Intelligent

Key facts

  • Struggles in warm weather
  • Needs a lot of training
  • Loves to be groomed

A Pug's life story

Find out more about the friendly Pug in each stage of their life.

Up to 10 months

Pug puppy

Pug puppies are lively and alert, with a naturally friendly nature, making them desirable family pets. Care must be taken in their first year to set ground rules and fully socialise a Pug puppy so they can grow into well-rounded dogs.
Pug puppy sitting down

Training

Pugs are not known to be the easiest breed to train. Even from a young age, they love companionship and can become possessive of their owners, so consistent, patient training with plenty of positive reinforcement is important to ensure they fully grasp and follow any commands given to them.

From 10 months

Pug adult

Adult Pugs are very people orientated and sociable, which means they like to be around their owners as much as possible. If left in the home alone for long periods of time, Pugs may become withdrawn or develop separation anxiety.
Male
25 - 30 cm Height
6.3 - 8.1 kg Weight
Female
25 - 30 cm Height
6 - 8 kg Weight
Pug adult standing

Living requirements

Although Pugs have a relatively low energy level due to their small stature, it is recommended that they are given around 30 minutes of exercise per day to keep them healthy. 

The Pug’s flat face means that they are less able to moderate their body heat so it is recommended to walk them early in the morning or in the evenings to avoid the higher temperatures.

Pug health and ageing

Pugs are considered to be ageing dogs when they reach ten years old. With age, your Pug may experience some hearing loss and and vision impairment.

This is common in older dogs but will impact their lifestyle and how much they are able to do. You may also notice reduced motivation to exercise, often due to stiffer joints, so it is important to make sure your ageing dog is kept comfortable to ease any joint pains.
Pug senior sitting-down

Perfect food for your Pug

View Product
Royal Canin Canine Care Nutrition Small Fussy Appetite Dry Dog Food

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