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Breed Library
Dachshund adult in black and white


Dachshunds were initially bred as hunting dogs, making them adventurous and inquisitive.

About the Dachshund

There are nine distinct Dachshund varieties, each varying in size and coat type. Despite their small legs they are very active, but their exercise requirements can be easily met. This enables the breed to adapt well to city life or small space living.

It’s widely believed that Dachshunds with different coat types may be more likely to develop different temperaments, so make sure to be aware of which type of Dachshund will suit you best. Dachshunds with long hair are thought to be much quieter than their short- and wire-haired counterparts.

Source: key facts and characteristics sourced from Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)

Breed specifics

FCI Group 4, AKC Hound Group
Size category
Avg life expectancy
12–14 years

Friendly / Even-tempered / Confident / Enthusiastic / Lively

Key facts

  • Makes a great family dog
  • Needs a lot of training
  • Suitable for small homes

A Dachshund's life story

Find out more about the enthusiastic Dachshund in each stage of their life.

Up to 10 months

Dachshund puppy

Dachshund puppies are even-tempered, enthusiastic and confident, with a natural friendliness and a keen sense of smell. These lively little dogs are ideal family companions, but care must be taken in their first year to set ground rules and fully socialise a Dachshund puppy.

Dachshund puppy sitting down


Training for this breed must start as early as possible, at an age when your Dachshund puppy naturally has an excellent capacity for learning. Ensuring your dog is well socialised and understands the basic rules of life from a young age will significantly impact their wellbeing in adult life. 

Dachshund puppies require plenty of positive reinforcement during regular training sessions to maintain obedience. Due to their hunting instinct they may be easily distracted, so it’s important to be patient.

10 months - 12 years

Dachshund adult

Despite their short legs, adult Dachshunds are very active and agile. Their low-lying, long bodies remain compact and muscular, and they carry their heads with an alert expression.

20 - 23 cm Height
Up to 9 kg Weight
20 - 23 cm Height
Up to 9 kg Weight
Dachshund adult standing


Dachshunds make active pets but their exercise requirements can be met easily. It’s recommended to reach at least one hour of exercise per day for standard-sized adult Dachshunds and up to 30 minutes per day for miniatures.

Ensure that energy is expelled safely, through walks and access to outdoor areas, to avoid your Dachshund becoming too energetic indoors and causing an injury.

Dachshund adult standing on a path

Dachshund health

It is important to know how to properly care for a Dachshund to ensure they are healthy and happy in every stage of their life. As they age, their sensitivities can include intervertebral disc disease and arthritis. 

Dachshund senior sitting down


Dachshunds are considered senior dogs when they reach 12 years old. A Dachshund’s diet will need to be adapted to balance the lack of exercise, along with a fussier appetite that is often seen in older dogs.

Ensure that their new diet contains all the important nutrients required to stay healthy. It’s a good idea to arrange regular check-ups with a vet at this stage, as they will be able to advise on any nutritional changes or health problems that ageing may bring.

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Perfect food for your Dachshund

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Royal Canin Canine Care Nutrition Small Fussy Appetite Dry Dog Food

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