Taking care of your puppy’s health
In the first months of its life your puppy goes through an amazing transformation. By taking care of their health and helping them form healthy habits at this stage, you'll build the foundations for a healthy future together.
Six tips to keep your puppy healthy
There are lots of simple things you can do in your first few weeks together to keep your puppy healthy. Here are some top tips from Royal Canin’s veterinarians and nutritionists.
1. Learn to read your puppy’s body language so you can spot if they might be ill.
2. If you feel something isn’t right, or your puppy doesn’t seem their usual self, speak to your veterinarian.
3. Make sure your puppy gets the right nutrition from a specialized, well-balanced puppy diet.
3. Give your puppy plenty of opportunities to sleep and rest quietly during the day, as well as at night.
4. Dogs enjoy company, so spend time with your puppy and remember to interact and play with them, however ensure your puppy is used to being left alone right from the first day.
5. Always follow your veterinarian’s recommended vaccination and deworming schedule.
Build your puppy’s immunity with tailored nutrition
It's vital for your puppy's long-term health and wellbeing that they develop a strong immune system during the first months of life. Our formulas are scientifically developed to support their long-term healthy growth.Learn more
How to make the most of your puppy’s first visit to the veterinarian
When your puppy feels at home, it’s time for them to see the veterinarian. There are important checks and treatments your veterinarian needs to carry out, such as vaccinations and deworming. These simple procedures will give your puppy the very best start to life.First veterinarian visit
Vaccinations and deworming
Puppy vaccinations and deworming are most effective when they are given at fixed dates with boosters. Your veterinarian will be able to provide you with the most appropriate vaccination and deworming schedule for your puppy.
Why puppy vaccinations are so important
Protection against diseases
Your veterinarian will advise if your puppy needs any other vaccinations, depending on their lifestyle, and will create a detailed vaccination schedule for you.
Preventing worms in your puppy
Your veterinarian can advise on the best de-worming program for your puppy according to their lifestyle. Most are de-wormed monthly until they’re six months, and then at least every three to six months from then.
Worms commonly found in puppies
Four types of worms are commonly found in puppies. Roundworms lodge in the small intestine and can grow to be several inches long, causing serious health problems. Hookworms latch onto the small intestine and live off the puppy’s blood leading to serious loss of blood and nutrients.
Tapeworms are long, flat and white and don’t usually harm dogs but can cause weight loss. Whipworms are the least common and can be hard to diagnose.
Symptoms of worms in puppies
Look out for the following symptoms, which may indicate that your puppy has worms: Diarrhea and/or vomiting, dry or coarse fur, blood in their stools, bloated abdomen, lethargy, worms visible in their stools, anal area or vomit.
Canine distemper in dogs
Canine hepatitis in dogs
Kennel cough in dogs
Leptospirosis in dogs
Parvovirus in dogs
Should I neuter or spay my puppy?
Spaying or neutering your puppy means you won’t be able to breed from them as it stops the production of sperm or eggs. But it does offer a variety of health and behavioural benefits as well as preventing unwanted litters.
In male dogs, sterilization is called neutering and in female dogs it’s called spaying. Both involve your puppy being anaesthetized and having a small operation by a veterinarian.
The benefits of puppy neutering and spaying
- Reduced risk of testicular and anal gland tumours and prostate enlargement.
- Male dogs are less likely to mark their territory in your backyard.
- Your male dog is less likely to roam, make urine markings or be aggressive.
- Reduced risk mammary gland tumours
- Prevents serious uterine infections (pyometra).
- The symptoms of being in heat are removed or reduced.
When to have your puppy neutered or spayed
The usual time for neutering or spaying can be quite variant depending on the size of your dog. For females, this is usually between six and seven months, and for males it’s between seven and 10 months. Small dog breeds tend to reach puberty faster than larger breeds. It’s best to ask your veterinarian for advice on the best time for your puppy.
Changing your puppy’s diet after neutering or spaying
Your puppy's first visit to the vet
How to train your puppy
Common health issues for puppies
Knowing the common health issues your puppy might face, and the symptoms to look out for, can help you feel reassured and take better care of your puppy.Common health issues