Black and White group of Pomeranian puppies playing indoors

    Puppy training and play

    Training and play are key to your puppy’s healthy development. A well-trained and obedient puppy is an important investment into the future wellbeing of an adult dog.

    The many reasons to train your puppy

    Everyone hopes for a well-behaved dog, but it doesn't happen by accident. Teaching your dog to navigate the world around them takes consistency and creativity. Young puppies' brains are primed for learning—manners, house training and safety skills. Play and repetition work far better than fear-based training methods.

    The benefits of training your puppy include life-stage appropriate exercise, cognitive growth, and increased safety. Physical activity expends excess energy. Your puppy's cognitive skills are still developing, so a type of play that requires reasoning teaches problem-solving and memory skills. All training counts as mental stimulation, and can be as tiring for them as physical exercise.

    As you play with your puppy, you're also teaching them how to play. Biting, nipping, herding and jumping can be dangerous if fragile adults or young children are present. Puppies learn this through socialisation and playtime. Play sessions and training can help your puppy learn your expectations. Commands such as sit, lie down, and wait make for a peaceful co-existence, while a reliable recall skill may save your puppy's life in the future.


    Puppy training tips

    Start early. When a puppy is three to 14 weeks old, they are in their 'socialisation window' and most receptive to learning new skills. Teaching the sit command or to come when you call their name are vital skills for your puppy to learn early on.

    german shepherd puppy chasing after a ball outdoors

    Frequency and repetition

    Puppies learn through repetition. Your puppy will not know how to walk on a lead, sit or lie down the first time you ask. It takes patience and frequency to imprint those skills in their brain. Short and frequent training/play sessions benefit young puppies the most.

    Three Welsh Pembroke Corgi puppies in the grass in the garden

    The keys to a good training session

      • Reward good behaviour—with praise, affection and treats
      • Keep training sessions short and frequent. Puppies have short attention spans
      • Start early and be consistent. Repetition works

      Puppy training classes allow your puppy to learn socialisation and gain new skills under the supervision of a professional. Never hesitate to ask for help if you have questions or need expert advice.

      Your puppy will not immediately remember everything they've learned; it takes patience. Be sure to use positive reinforcement by rewarding their good behaviour.

      Training treats can be low-calorie tasty meat treats, remember to adjust their meal portion to avoid excess calories! You can also use praise and affection, or a couple minutes of play with their favourite toy.

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    Teaching your puppy the basics

    Training a puppy means progress, not perfection, in daily training sessions. Puppy training games teach puppies the basics in a fun, exciting way. Obedience training teaches sitting, lying down, staying, heel, and coming when called, including crate training and house training. How you present them sets the tone for the session. A friendly voice tone encourages keen attention.

    You can start right away with this skill and practise it daily.

    • Sit facing your puppy with a treat in hand
    • Hold the treat in front of their nose, giving the puppy a good whiff
    • Raise the treat up over the puppy's head. Your puppy will sit naturally as it looks up at the treat
    • When your puppy sits, give praise and a reward
    • Repeat several times a day. Take advantage of opportunities to train
    • When the puppy consistently sits, gradually remove the treat for verbal cues

    • Sit directly facing your puppy, holding a treat in front of their nose
    • With the puppy sitting, lower the treat between your pup's front paws and drag the treat back towards you. Your puppy should stretch forward until they are lying down
    • When your puppy reaches the down position, praise and reward
    • Repeat several times throughout the day
    • When the skill is consistent, replace the treat with verbal cues

    • Use an enclosed area, garden, or in the house
    • Let the puppy wander around for a few seconds
    • Crouch down and call their name with an excited voice tone
    • Make sure your puppy comes all the way to you
    • Give lots of praise and a few treats
    • Start with a short distance, gradually increasing it as your puppy responds correctly
    • Walk away from your puppy and repeat the process

    • With your puppy sitting facing you, put your hand, palm forward in front of their face, and say the command ‘stay’
    • Wait a couple of seconds. Reward and release your puppy when they remain in place
    • Place your puppy back in the sitting position
    • Take a step back and repeat the stay command and gesture. Wait another couple of seconds Reward and release your puppy
    • Repeat the process, increasing the distance and time your puppy remains in place
    • Replace the treat with verbal cues and gestures when the skill is consistent

    Best practices when it comes to treats

    <p>Treats are a great way to incentivise your puppy when training. They should always be taken out of your dog’s daily food ration—if you take a small handful of treats on a walk, weigh them and subtract that from your puppy’s next meal. Always use healthy treats, and slowly replace them with rewards (cuddles, etc) and verbal praise which are even more satisfying over the long run.</p><p></p><p></p>

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    Tips when playing with your puppy

    Playtime is an opportunity for your puppy to learn new skills and commands. Puppies need regular daily play sessions. Combining them with your puppy’s training sessions maximises their learning.

    Toys encourage curiosity, movement, new textures and perhaps tastes. Good toys for puppy play sessions are:

    Rubber toys or chews

    Interactive treat toys

    Puzzle feeders

    Ropes and plushies

    Toys should be the right size and safe for your puppy. A Golden Retriever puppy may accidentally swallow a toy made for a tiny Yorkie, and the Yorkie may not pick up or carry a toy meant for a large puppy.

    A puppy that bites, jumps and nips needs to be discouraged. When it happens, stop playing for a few minutes and resume when they have calmed down.

    How much exercise and play your puppy needs depends on age and breed. A Bichon Frisé or Basset Hound doesn't need as much as a Border Collie or Retriever. Watch your puppy for signs of fatigue and adjust playtimes accordingly.

    Dog on lead looking at foutain of water

    Games to play with your puppy that also teach skills

    Remember that mental exercise is as exhausting as physical exercise. Puppies need a good amount of both to be balanced and socialised dogs. Bored puppies might pick up unwanted behaviours or develop anxiety or phobias.

    Play Hide and Seek

    • Put your puppy into the sit/wait position
    • Let your puppy watch you hide the treats or toys
    • Return to your puppy and release them with the 'find it’ command
    • Reward and praise when the treats have been found
    • As your puppy gets better, make the hiding places harder with more items to find
    • For a change, have your puppy find you by hiding and calling their name until they find you

    The cup game

    • Put a treat under a cup on a flat surface
    • Let your pup sniff it out
    • Praise success
    • Change the game by moving a couple cups around, so the puppy must use their nose to sniff out the treat
    • Praise success

    Tug of war

    Many believe this game teaches aggressive behaviour or dominance. That is not the case. It teaches your puppy self-control, the ‘leave it’ or ‘drop it’ command and emotional control.

    • Use a tug rope or item your dog likes to pull
    • Hold one end and let your dog pull the other end
    • The rule is no teeth can touch your skin. If it happens, stop the game until the dog calms down
    • Repeat. Praise success

    Pass the puppy

    This game teaches your puppy social skills, retrieving and coming when you call their name.

    Play Pass the Puppy with two or more people. Have everyone sit on the ground with enough space in between you for the dog to travel a short distance.

    • One person calls the dog by name using the come command. Reward success. Cuddles work too!
    • The second person calls the puppy the same way, rewarding and praising success
    • The game continues with everyone calling the puppy and rewarding arrival

    Games that encourage independent play

    Not all training games need to involve you, though it’s important to keep that pet owner-puppy interaction as well. Puppies should be able to entertain themselves when alone.


    Interactive toys

    Interactive toys encourage independent play and include snuffle mats, treat dispenser toys, and puzzle toys. Any toys should dog-safe, adapted to your puppy’s age and size.

    Golden Retriever Puppy chewing bone

    Preference toys

    Toys with smaller toys inside them keep puppies busy. Rolling toys that drop treats do too. Match the toys to your dog's personality, size and preferences to keep them safe.

    Golden Retriever puppy dog laying on sofa with teddy bear

    Training and play are vital to socialising and raising a well-rounded, happy adult dog. Combining training and play, teach your puppy valuable skills while having fun.

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