Pug adult black and white


The Pug has its own latin motto, “Multum in Parvo” which simply translates as meaning: “A lot in a little”.

About the Pug

The Pug has a unique appearance, which many find incredibly appealing and as such its popularity is soaring year on year. Pugs have an easy coat to maintain and the breed does not have particularly high exercise requirements, which is a real advantage for busy owners.

A highly desirable pet, the Pug is known for its inquisitive and energetic nature. It is a member of the Toy group of dogs, however, it is unique amongst this group in being the only member thought to share its ancestry with the Mastiffs.

Source: key facts and characteristics sourced from Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)

Breed specifics

FCI Group 9, AKC Toy Group
Size category
Avg life expectancy
12–15 years

Even-tempered / Friendly / Lively / Intelligent

Key facts

  • Struggles in warm weather
  • Needs a lot of training
  • Loves to be groomed
Breed origins illustration

Origins of the breed

The Pug’s home country is listed as China, where snub-nosed dogs have always been in favour. It is believed that the Dutch East India Company traders took Pugs from their home in China, back to the Netherlands in the 16th century, where they became very popular in court circles.When William of Orange succeeded to the English throne, his Pugs gained the attention of the aristocracy. Soon the breed gained popularity amongst the landed gentry.

The breed has maintained this popularity through to the 21st century, and is now one of the most popular dog breeds worldwide.

Health condition

Pugs belong to the brachycephalic family. Their physical features include a flatter face and shorter nose due to their skull shape. These anatomical attributes can lead to some health issues fo their skin, eyes and breathing as well as a poor ability to tolerate heat. For all breeds we advise you choose a dog with physical features that are not overexaggerated, buy from a responsible breeder and seek veterinary advice.

Health checklist illustration

A healthy start to life

Puppyhood is a time of massive physical and behavioural change, and a steep learning curve for new owners. Find out how you can provide your puppy with the best start to life so they develop into strong, healthy dogs. 

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Lifetime of health

Get advice and information on how to provide the best care for your dog at every stage of life.

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