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Breed Library
Persian adult sitting black and white


Despite their charming, musical voices, Persians prefer to communicate with their owners using their intelligent expressions.

About the Persian

The Persian cat has a sweet, gentle nature and is quiet and easy to live with. They are happy to be combed and petted by children, but are unlikely to join in boisterous games with them.

Persians are creatures of habit and prefer calm atmospheres and gentle handling. They like the security of being on the ground and do not often climb. They eagerly play with toys, but are equally happy to lie quietly in a favorite spot.

Source: key facts and characteristics sourced from World Cat Congress (WCC)

Breed specifics

Size category
Avg life expectancy
12–17 years

Quiet / Calm / Sociable / Affectionate

Key facts

  • Best suited to quiet homes
  • Needs a lot of grooming
  • Best suited to indoor life
Persian adult in black and white

Origins of the breed

The world's most prestigious cat breed owes its name, but not all its origin, to the fascinating empire of ancient Persia. It is not possible to be exact about the origins of the Persian cat. Most experts agree that long-haired cats are a result of a genetic mutation and the longhair variety of cat could be the result of mating between the European Wild Cat and Pallas's Cat (the Steppe Cat). The wild Pallas cat was discovered around the area of the Caspian Sea and is also known in the steppes of Central Asia.

Long-haired cats were recorded in both Turkey and Persia as early as the 17th century. Today's Persians are probably descended from a mixture of different breeds and are the result of the work of dedicated breeders over a very long period of time. Launched onto the scene at London's Crystal Palace in 1871, the Persian's ancestors moved in the highest spheres of European aristocracy; the breed has never been eclipsed since.

A Persian's life story

Find out how to care for the Persian in each stage of its life.

Up to 2 years

Persian kitten

The Persian's sweet, gentle nature means that these kittens assimilate easily into any household.
Persian kitten standing

Living requirements

Persian kittens don't reach maturity until around two years of age. While their even temper means they are comfortable in any environment, they much prefer a calm and quiet household to lively environments. Cat trees are not necessary for this breed, as they prefer to remain close to the ground.

They can be patient with young children but shy away from boisterous behavior so interaction must be gentle and supervised and the kitten should be allowed space when they lose interest in the games, otherwise they may become anxious and avoid interactions in the future.

From 2 years

Persian adult

Despite their somewhat sad expression, adult Persians are sociable, affectionate cats who will bond easily with any member of the family. These cats are not demanding of attention and will happily spend time alone, whether their owner is in the house or not.
11 - 15 lb Weight
7 - 11 lb Weight
Persian adult sitting down


A long, luxurious coat, with a dense undercoat, is the hallmark of the Persian cat. The hair on the ruff can reach 8 inches in length. Their grooming needs are much higher than other breeds, as well as extra protection to maintain the health of their sensitive skin. A daily combing is recommended to avoid tangles, mats and loose hairs, and keep their coat healthy.

The Persian's relaxed temperament means that even as adults they are content to stay indoors rather than venture outside. As house cats, they are known to molt all year round and this, accompanied by their long, dense coat means they are susceptible to hairballs. Regular grooming is important to reduce the risk of hairballs and prevent further digestive problems which may occur.

Persian health

As a brachycephalic breed, Persians have been bred with a shortened face and nose, which means that they are prone to a number of health issues, such as breathing difficulties and eye problems. Persians are prone to suffering from brachycephalic airway syndrome, which is a combination of conditions that includes stenotic nares and hypoplastic trachea.

Tailored nutrition for your Persian

View Product
Royal Canin Feline Breed Nutrition Persian Adult Dry Cat Food

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