How does your dog's digestive system work?
Some dogs love all food, others are pickier, but the truth is that the right diet will always benefit their health. Texture variation, for example, can make food more appealing to your dog’s palate, but what happens next is indispensable to transform food into healthy and nutritious fuel, and it all takes place in their digestive system.
In dogs, digestion starts in the stomach where digestive enzymes are released, right after the food is (quickly) swallowed and has passed through the oesophagus. The small intestine might be called small, but it provides a large surface area to allow the nutrients to be absorbed by the body. Finally, the large intestine transports the waste to its final destination, back to the outside world.
This complex process, which usually takes up to 9 hours, has one main goal: to give the dog’s body the nutrients it needs to function and grow healthily. But to be turned into nutrients, the food needs to be highly digestible. Another reason why your dog’s digestion is important is that any undigested food can ferment in the intestine and disturb the digestive microflora balance, ultimately resulting in diarrhoea, nutritional deficiencies, and other health issues.
But, what’s the role of microflora you ask? Well, it’s composed of a variety of bacteria, which when well-balanced contribute to protecting the dog’s health and assisting the digestive process.
Why securing healthy digestion in puppies is so important?
Puppies aren’t adult dogs yet, which means their digestive system is still fragile and does not have the digestive enzyme efficiency of a grown-up dog yet. This means that at first, their stomach can only process their mother’s milk, or a similar content substitute milk and a lot needs to happen as they grow so that they can ultimately start digesting solid food. At the time of weaning, a puppy’s digestive capacity is not yet fully developed, compromising the quality of the digestion, preventing them from absorbing all the goodness in their food. This can lead to excess fatigue and slow down growth.