Helping cats and dogs live their healthiest lives.
Sacred Birman kitten stood next to an adult Yorskhire Terrier in black and white.
Bulldog adult sitting in black and white

Bulldog

Bulldogs are lively, loyal and affectionate.

About the Bulldog

They give an impression of determination, strength and activity, with a lively, bold, loyal and courageous personality. Despite their somewhat severe appearance, the Bulldog is very affectionate with those it is close to.

In addition to some distinctive characteristics, Bulldogs really distinguish themselves with their especially heavy and constrained gait. They seem to take short, quick steps on the tips of their feet, without their back feet even seeming to rise off the ground.

Source: key facts and characteristics sourced from Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)

Breed specifics

Group
FCI Group 2, AKC Non-Sporting Group
Size category
Medium
Avg life expectancy
8–12 years

Loving / Determined / Lively / Alert / Confident / Loyal

Key facts

  • Requires minimal grooming
  • Needs little exercise
  • Needs a lot of training
Breed origins illustration

Origins of the breed

The Bulldog was first classified as a breed in the 1630s, and originally used for bull-baiting. Although there is earlier mention of similar types referred to as bandogs, a term reserved today for a type of fighting dog. 

The Club in the U.K. was established in 1875, taking responsibility for the future of a breed regarded as an icon in its homeland. One of the oldest indigenous breeds, the Bulldog is known as the national dog of Great Britain.

Health condition

English Bulldogs belong to the brachycephalic family that have physical features such as a flat face and short nose due to their flat and wide skull shape. These anatomical attributes can cause some health issues like skin, eye and breathing problems as well as a poor ability to tolerate heat. For all brachycephalic breeds, we advise you to choose a dog with physical features that are not over-exaggerated, to acquire from a responsible breeder or shelter and to seek advice from your veterinarian as needed.

Breed health illustration

Like & share this page

A healthy start to life

Puppyhood is a time of massive physical and behavioral change, and a steep learning curve for new owners. Find out how you can provide your puppy with the best start to life so they develop into strong, healthy dogs.

Learn more
Dachshund puppy in black and white eating from a red bowl

Lifetime of health

Get advice and information on how to provide the best care for your dog at every stage of life.

Learn more
Content Block With Text And Image 2