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Breed Library
French Bulldog adult in black and white

French Bulldog

The French Bulldog's physique and happy disposition earned them a place in high society among the artistic community of Paris in the 1800s and from then on, they thrived.

About the French Bulldog

French Bulldogs are a typical small-sized molosser breed with a lot of muscle, a compact build and solid bones. They are powerful, but affectionate dogs with large ears that give them an alert and curious expression. They are outgoing, cheerful, playful, athletic, and, above all, affectionate with people of all ages.

The first breed club was formed in Paris in 1880 and the first registration of a French Bulldog was five years later. The breed was first officially recognized in France in 1898.

Source: key facts and characteristics sourced from Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)

Breed specifics

FCI Group 9, AKC Non-Sporting Group
Size category
Avg life expectancy
10–13 years

Sociable / Lively / Playful / Enthusiastic

Key facts

  • Needs moderate training
  • Yard not essential
  • Requires minimal grooming

A French Bulldog's life story

Find out more about the playful French Bulldog in each stage of its life.

Up to 12 months

French Bulldog puppy

French Bulldog puppies are loving, sociable and lively, with a naturally playful nature, making them lovable family dogs. Care must be taken in their first year to set ground rules and fully socialize a French Bulldog puppy so they can grow into well-rounded dogs.
French Bulldog puppy sitting down


French Bulldog puppies are boisterous and full of energy, so training requires patience and consistent reinforcement. Despite their stubborn streak, French Bulldogs like to please, so these puppies will pick up commands quickly.

From 12 months

French Bulldog adult

If they have been socialized well, adult French Bulldogs will get on well with other animals and children of all ages.
12 in Height
Up to 31 lb Weight
12 in Height
Up to 24 lb Weight
French Bulldog adult standing


Adult French Bulldogs require around one hour of exercise per day to remain in shape and prevent weight gain. Interactive games are very appealing to adult French Bulldogs, and can be an excellent way to exercise them, physically and mentally. 

As they can have breathing issues, adult French Bulldogs shouldn't be over exercised during hot weather as they can quickly overheat. It's best to walk a French Bulldog during the early mornings or evenings during summer to avoid exercise during the hottest times of the day.
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French Bulldog health and aging

French Bulldogs are considered to be aging dogs when they reach ten years old. With age, your French Bulldog may experience some hearing loss and vision impairment.

This is common in older dogs but will impact their lifestyle and how much they are able to do. You may also notice reduced motivation to exercise, often due to stiffer joints, so it is important to make sure your aging dog is kept comfortable to ease any joint pains.
French Bulldog senior standing

Tailored nutrition for your French Bulldog

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Royal Canin Breed Health Nutrition French Bulldog Adult Dry Dog Food

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The healthiest start to life

Learn how to take care of your puppy's health during those first weeks and months of life.

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Lifetime of health

Get advice and information on how to provide the best care for your dog at every stage of life.

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