Jack Russell Terrier puppy black and white

Taking care of your puppy’s health

In the first months of life, your puppy goes through an amazing transformation. By taking care of their health, and helping them form healthy habits at this stage, you'll build the foundations for a healthy future together.

Six tips to keep your puppy healthy

There are lot of simple things you can do in your early weeks together to keep your puppy healthy. Here are some top tips from Royal Canin’s vets and nutritionists.

1. Learn to read your puppy’s body language to identify if they might be ill.

2. If you feel something isn’t right, or your puppy doesn’t seem their usual self, speak to your vet.

3. Make sure your puppy gets the right nutrition from a specialized, well-balanced puppy diet.

3. Give your puppy plenty of opportunities to sleep and rest quietly during the day, as well as at night.

4. Dogs enjoy company, so spend time with your puppy and remember to interact and play with them.

5. Always follow your vet’s recommended vaccination and deworming schedule.

Build your puppy’s immunity with tailored nutrition

It's vital for your puppy's long-term health and well-being that they develop a strong immune system during the first months of life. Our formulas are scientifically developed to support their long-term healthy growth.

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Royal Canin Puppy Diet

Vaccinations and deworming

Puppy vaccinations and deworming are most effective when they are given at fixed dates with boosters. Your vet will be able to provide you with the most appropriate vaccination and deworming schedule for your puppy.

Dachshund puppy being examined by a vet

Should I spay or neuter my puppy?

Spaying or neutering your puppy means you won’t be able to breed them. But it does offer a variety of health and behavioral benefits as well as preventing unwanted litters.

In male dogs, sterilization is called neutering and in female dogs it’s called spaying. Both involve your puppy being anesthetized and having a small operation by a vet.

The benefits of puppy neutering and spaying

Male dogs

  • Reduced risk of testicular and anal gland tumors and prostate enlargement.
  • Male dogs are less likely to mark their territory in your yard.
  • Your male dog is less likely to roam, make urine markings, or be aggressive.
Black Labrador Retriever puppy lying down outside in the grass

Female dogs

  • Prevents mammary gland tumors.
  • The symptoms of being in heat are removed or reduced.

Shiba Inu puppy sleeping on a sofa


  • Prevents sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Female dogs are no longer attractive to male dogs.
  • No unwanted litters.
Australian Shepherd puppies playing outside in snow
Chocolate Labrador Retriever puppy being carried outdoors by owner

When to have your puppy neutered or spayed

The usual time for spay or neuter is when puberty begins. For females this is usually between four and nine months, and for males it’s between seven and 10 months or later. Your vet may recommend spaying or neutering your puppy sooner. Small dog breeds tend to reach puberty faster than larger breeds, so it’s best to ask your vet for advice on the best time for your puppy.

Changing your puppy’s diet after spay and neutering 

After a puppy’s been neutered or spayed, they tend to gain weight more easily because they have a bigger appetite and are less active. Being overweight can cause various health problems, so it’s important to adjust your puppy’s diet.

Food designed for sterilized dogs has fewer calories and a higher fiber content to help your puppy feel full without gaining too much weight, but it still needs to be complete and balanced for growth until your puppy becomes an adult. Ask your vet for advice on your puppy’s new diet, and switch to it progressively a week after their operation so they can get used to it.
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Further reading
Puppy West Highland White Terrier sitting on an examination table in a vets office.

When to spay a female dog?

Dog Beagle sitting with a white head cone on his head.

Should I neuter my male dog?

Labrador puppy black and white eating from red bowl

The right nutrition to help your puppy stay healthy

Your puppy's diet is one of the most important factors in their long-term health and well-being. It influences everything from supporting their bones and immune system to their digestive comfort and coat health.

As your puppy grows towards adulthood and beyond, their nutritional needs will change – especially over the first year. To help give them the best chance in life, it's important you give them the right diet, in the right quantities for their age and individual needs. 

Feeding your puppy

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Nutrition tailored to meet the specific needs of puppies of different ages, sizes, and breeds.

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Royal Canin Puppy Diets