Origins of the breed
When Cocker Spaniels were imported to North America in the 1880’s, the breed gradually changed as breeders produced a smaller dog with longer legs, shorter muzzle, more domed skull and a heavier coat. By the 1930’s, the differences between North American and English Cockers were so obvious, efforts were made to split the breed.
In 1947, the original Cocker was renamed the English Cocker Spaniel and the new variety retained the name Cocker Spaniel in the U.S.A. Elsewhere, it is known as the American Cocker Spaniel. Overpopulation threatened to destroy the Cocker’s merry temperament, but the trend has now reversed and the breed’s personality is as attractive as its appearance.