Healthy growth lasts a lifetime
Losing weight is more challenging than maintaining a healthy weight in the first place, so it's important that healthy habits and behaviours are introduced from day one.
My kitten's development stages
In the first few weeks of your kitten's life, they will grow and change very quickly. At first, kittens are too small and weak to walk and, instead, will crawl on their tummies, relying on their sense of smell to find their mother to feed.
By 8-12 weeks of age, kittens will be fully weaned, and once they have had their first vaccinations, they are old enough to go to a new home. At 12 months of age, your kitten is considered to be an adult cat but can continue growing until the age of 18 months.
Understanding how your kitten's normal shape and size will change as it matures through each development stage will help you monitor your kitten's growth and weight gain. Checking for changes to their normal shape every couple of weeks will alert you to any periods of unhealthy weight gain so that you can take action.
A kitten's different needs at each stage
Until they're around 8 weeks old, kittens rely on their mother's milk for all their nutritional needs. Specially formulated kitten food can gradually be introduced from the age of 4 weeks. When they reach 8 to 12 weeks old, mothers will wean their kittens.
Up until the age of four months, kittens will have almost three times more energy than an adult cat due to their intense growth period. Food needs to be energy-dense, rich in protein, and highly digestible. They also need constant access to clean drinking water.
Between the ages of 4 and 12 months old, the growth rate slows but the activity levels increase significantly. Expending this amount of energy as they start running, jumping, playing, and exploring means your kitten will need to eat an appropriate diet to reflect this, across several small meals a day.
If you are considering spaying or neutering your kitten, the procedure should be done as advised by your veterinarian, but generally, before they are 6 months old and prior to a female kitten’s first heat cycle. Sterilisation prevents unwanted litters, helps to protect against serious health issues, and may improve behaviour. However, the process does impact the calorie ration your kitten will need due to hormonal changes. After sterilisation, a kitten’s appetite can increase by as much as 18% in females and by approximately 20-25% in males, but their actual energy requirement reduces by 30% so it will be vital to adapt their food portion or diet for healthy weight management.
At around 12 months old, your kitten will mature into an adult cat and can move on to a diet especially formulated for their changing needs.
A healthy weight starts with healthy habits
If your kitten eats more calories than they need each day, they'll start to put on weight. Obesity in kittens can lead to a range of health problems in later life. To prevent such health risks for your young pet, it's vital that you introduce healthy habits into their daily life from the start.
It's better for your kitten to eat little and often, rather than eating two big meals, so try giving your kitten multiple small meals a day. To avoid overfeeding, always use use digital food scales to weigh out your kitten's daily food portion and divide it up accordingly.
Kittens love to exercise and will thrive on short bursts of intense activity and play. You may want to start by introducing a few, short sessions of play (one minute in length for example) when your kitten is young and gradually build up the amount of time and number of sessions as they mature. But remember, even adult cats will only play for two-three minutes at a time. Ensuring that these short bursts of playful activity happen regularly will help your pet to stay fit and healthy and, along with healthy portioning, prevent them from becoming overweight. By setting good habits for your pet around exercise and food portions as they grow up, you'll help your kitten to maintain a healthy weight into adulthood. If you are unsure how much exercise your kitten should be having, speak to your vet and they will be able to advise you.